A refugee is any person outside their country of origin or usual residence who cannot return for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, membership of a social group, gender, sexual orientation or political opinions.
The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and Spain's Right of Asylum and Subsidiary Protection Act.
Looking for protection
We are facing the largest exodus ever known in the history of humanity. All records were broken in 2017. Internal violence, international conflicts and persecution forced over 16 million people to abandon their homes. Of those, 11.8 million became new internally displaced persons and 4.4 million became new refugees. The total count at the end of 2017 was 68.5 million people.
Role of the European Union
Even though the number of people forcibly displaced continues to grow every day in the world, the European Union has opted to strengthen its controls and assign the task of managing its borders to neighbouring countries. The barriers and obstacles that refugees are being met with have been causing a change in the routes they use to attempt to reach a safe country, resulting in increasingly perilous risks.