A refugee is any person outside their country of origin or usual residence who cannot return for fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, membership of a social group, gender, sexual orientation or political opinions.

The 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and Spain's Right of Asylum and Subsidiary Protection Act.

Flow of arrivals to the European Union in 2015

Source: ACNUR, Organización Internacional para las Migraciones(IOM) and Frontex, 2015

Map showing the flows of people that reached, or tried to enter, the European Union in 2015. It shows the countries of origin and the countries of provenance. A total of 845,852 arrived in Greece, 153,600 in Italy and 13,039 in the Spanish State. The figures are from the UNHCR, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) and the European agency that controls external borders (Frontex).